According to the historian Luis González, the struggle for Mexican Independence followed three paths. The first was of sophistry that was opened in 1808, when the creoles through philosophical and legal discourses, discussed the illegality of the Metropolis and the legal legal age of the colony. The second path was that of arms which, since 1810, demonstrated the capacity to be freed from the colony, and the third was the one that reasoned the intellectual and cultural maturity of the colony, evidently by the accumulation of wealth and wisdom of thoughts.
José Mariano Beristain de Souza proposed in 1790 to convince the Spaniards that in the new Hispanic cultural branch was at least similar to the tree of Spanish culture. The accountant Beristain de Puebla took 20 years to write The Monumental Hispanoamericano del Norte published from 1816 to 1821.
Beristain actually picked up the tradition that Juan José Eguiara and Eguren had begun in 1755 with his Mexican library, a justification of Mexican culture from the Pre-Hispanic era to the eighteenth century. According to the intellectual conditions demonstrated by Beristain's bibliography, it was against nature that New Spain depended on the old. Beristain had two dreams: to make of New Spain the metropolis of the Spanish empire and to change the pontifical see of Rome to the Villa of Guadalupe in Mexico.
However, in 1810, he would prefer the comfortable life of the clergy to that of the horrible persecution of the insurgent liberators, and from a pulpit gave a sermon to the parishioners in favor of the royalists.