The tragedy of the sad Indian, a neighbor of Mexico City, reflects the indigenous situation, prevailing in the sixteenth century. According to tradition, several members of the indigenous nobility had presented themselves on their own initiative to the Spanish government and offered their services on the grounds that they had at last rid themselves of the tyranny of Moctezuma. Many nobles and caciques were used by the Spaniards as spies to prevent plots and uprisings of the natives, work that assured them a special treatment, similar to the treatment received by the Spaniards themselves, one of these spies had such privilege that he had the favors of the Viceroy That made him have a house in the Spanish republic. It also had plantations and fields of cattle and poultry, also walked freely by the republic of the Indians. He was indeed a powerful man.
However, the rich spy, plagued by the destruction of the world of his ancestors, fell into the vices of the overcomers and losers and gradually became bruised due to the effects of alcohol and pulque, gambling and women. Living constantly in excesses prevented him from learning about a conspiracy, while the Viceroy learned from other sources. The careless spy, though saved from going to jail, was stripped of his possessions, and his requirements were seized, brutalized and confused, the once exalted character was reduced to misery with contempt on both sides. In this way, he squatted in the corner of what was his house and spent all day depressed and living on alms. The neighbors became accustomed to seeing him there and the image he represented gave him the name of the Sad Indian. Some time later, he stopped eating and died in the street, but the image of the Sad Indian squatting that missed all the greatness that had lost, remained in the memory of the inhabitants of the city and is part of the popular imagination.