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The Irishman who wanted to be a viceroy
On October 26, 1642, the lords of the Inquisition were requested by the accusation that was presented by Captain Felipe Mendez against Guillen de Lampart, Irish resident of Mexico City and with his address in the House of the Counts, in the area Of La Merced in the city. Mendez had said that Lampart had considered being Virrey of New Spain next year. I even teach the letters addressed to the Pope and the King of France (who controlled Spain at that time). He assured that it would give freedom to the Indians, blacks, and mixed men, with the purpose of gaining their support.

On October 26, 1642, the lords of the Inquisition were requested by the accusation that was presented by Captain Felipe Mendez against Guillen de Lampart, Irish resident of Mexico City and with his address in the House of the Counts, in the area Of La Merced in the city. Mendez had said that Lampart had considered being Virrey of New Spain next year. I even teach the letters addressed to the Pope and the King of France (who controlled Spain at that time). He assured that it would give freedom to the Indians, blacks, and mixed men, with the purpose of gaining their support.

He also confessed his noble origin: Lampart, was a product of the love of Felipe III and an Irish woman whose husband had died while the couple was in Madrid. Concerned with his education, King Philip sent him to a school of noble boys in Santiago de Compostela, Spain and then to the main school of San Lorenzo del Real, so that he could continue his ecclesiastical career, but Lampart preferred a secular life. On a trip to Rome he kissed the pope's hand and received the papal blessing. He traveled around the world, until he was captured by an Englishman with whom he sailed some time as a pirate. He returned to Spain and realized the tyranny of Felipe IV on New Spain, which according to Lampart was not his and had not conquered either.

The plan of Guillen de Lampart was the following: At the arrival of the Count of Salvatierra, the new viceroy would show him some false real certificates that credited him like the new viceroy. He would force an audience to admit that the Count was a traitor, a few months after his period as viceroy, he would free all slaves and proclaim him as king. He would then open trade with France, Holland, England and Portugal, so that his kingdom would be very prosperous due to the seriousness of the matter and even though on Sunday the court was summoned to reach an agreement.

       Although the accusation corresponded more to the common statute and not so much to the jurisdiction of the Holy Office, Lampart was accused of having committed much and different crimes against the holy catholic faith, using forbidden things like judicial astrology and the peyote (desert plant from which it is extracted Toxic drug), namely future events depending on free will, modes of healing reserved for God and cures for superstitious diseases in which he must necessarily have made a pact with the devil. One night Lampart, who was 26 years old was learned at his house and the officers collected and inventoried all the papers. In fact there were false certificates, letters to European monarchs who were enemies of the Spanish crown and personal lyric production, such as poems or political pamphlets.

The men of the Inquisition sent a letter to the Council of the Indies in the peninsula, with detailed investigations of the case. The council left the matter to the king, who decided that the court should judge only what concerned him and ordered Dr. Andrés Gómez, judge of the Royal Audience, who would be in charge of the Irish. As the Holy Office was ignored of the case, they appealed against the Holy Inquisition of Spain to be presented to the king again, the seriousness of the matter with the power struggle in action on who was going to judge the case (the royal authority or The religious one), the clergy won; The king sent a second letter in which he saw the inconvenience of giving Mr. Guillen to the secular law, and ordered the supreme law of the church to decide everything. Proud of its triumph, The Holy Office began the trial against the happy conspirator.

The Inquisitors reconstructed the true origin of the Irish with the statements of the people who knew him. One of the most important testimonies was that of the Franciscan religious, John of Lampart, brother of the accused, Guillen was in fact the son of an Irish merchant and had received a diligent education of an Augustinian. He spoke Spanish, French, Italian, German, Latin and Greek; Knew about mathematics, philosophy, theology, and Roman law; He had read a lot of classical poets and possessed a prodigious memory, recited complete paragraphs of the Bible and other sacred texts.

He traveled to New Spain, along with the servants of the Marquis de Villena and worked in the kitchen of the Royal Palace. Tired of the soot of pots and pans and the little edifying conversations he held with his colleagues, he decided to change his work and devoted himself to teaching Latin to the children of the clerk of the municipal council. In this way he managed to be a guest in the houses of the city where he lived for many years. In the midst of council members, mayors, notaries and other public officials, he became familiar with the imparting of justice, and of abuses against the weak and intrigued politicians.

His great talent and exaggerated imagination would lead him to dream of being powerful and great, the young man came to think that he had almost a divine mission: He should defend the weak and overthrow the powerful, the people wanted to rise against the tyrant but needed a Liberating wise and daring. His megalomania made him believe that he was destined to execute such a noble ideal. Once the clerk who protected him died, Lampart had to move to the neighborhood of La Merced. He led an extraordinary life: visiting religious people in convents, courting distinguished ladies, talking to Indians to keep abreast of natural remedies, visiting astrologers and sorcerers frequently. Locked in a neighborhood room, surrounded by erasers, he drew the plans of the Emancipation of Mexico, wrote letters to the archbishops and cardinals asking for help but the petitions never left his desk.

Eight long years Lampart had passed in his cell of the Holy Office, when he began to complain of seeing diabolic and spectral visions, which made him ask a cellmate with whom to share his solitude. Whether it was preconceived or an idea inspired by the occasion, as soon as Diego Pinto entered his cell, the Irish began planning the escape. Received the promise of Pinto to help him. The account of Lampart's noble origin convinced him of hatred of the Inquisitors and, as a convincing argument, offered Pinto thousands of gold pesos. Lampart and Pinto loosened the bars of the window every night. They would try to escape on December 25th while everyone else was busy celebrating. Since December 13, Lampart began to write some satires that he was going to distribute after his escape.

The expected day arrived; At 8 PM, after supper, they removed the bars from the windows. Guillen took care of erasing the prints with a broom so that his escape was cataloged as miraculous. They ran to the cathedral where Guillen placed two posters on the main doors, then to the height of his audacity, went to the Royal Palace to leave one for the viceroy. The guard did not let him pass but the Irishman claimed to be a royal messenger from Havana and said he would bring some gifts. With his skill and security as characteristics he arrived at the doors of the viceroy's chamber, he insisted on the importance of the document, and although the guard was doubtful since it was three in the morning and his excellency had just gone to bed because he had been playing And betting, he ended up persuading him to take the satire on the spot. Naturally at 7 o'clock in the morning, the viceroy and the Inquisitors came together writing an edict that had to be read in 47 temples of the city. At 12 noon, Francisco Garnica appeared to accuse Lampart, who had entered his house to hide from the authorities. An hour and a half later the fugitive was tied, gagged, and returned to the prison of the Inquisition.

Now the occupation was to collect the satire and the famous document denouncing the atrocities of the Holy Office. The edict of December 31, 1650 made anyone who had these documents, return them to the authorities. But the viceroy resisted returning the 18 documents Lampart had left him, perhaps because they were extremely interesting to the civil power.

The viceroy had to go through a threat of excommunication and received royal reprimand, King Philip IV protested, because the civil authority should not have been made less with the documents ignoring that they belonged to public cause and was Matter of them. They pointed out that at least they should have kept some copies. For the security of the Holy Office, Lampart was in prison for 9 years.

Nothing pitied the pity of the Inquisition, not even the hunger or abandonment of the prisoner, nor the physical suffering that caused a wound received in his second attempt to escape. He was sentenced to death at the stake and died on November 19, 1659.